A Study of Informal Credit Services Available to Rice farmers in Saint Bernard, Southern Leyte

Pedro T. Armenia


The study revealed that cash and credit in-kind were extended by the informal lenders to many rice and non-rice farmers. The informal lenders employed two major credit arrangements, namely: the butang and plete systems. The butang system requires borrowers to pay one cavan of palay for every cash credit which averaged P74 and payable within 4 months. One variant of the butang scheme is the practice where borrowers pay 2.4 cavans of palays for an average credit worth P204 of fertilizer and pesticides which is payable within 3 months. In the plete credit scheme, the borrowers either pay an average of 2.6 cavans of palay as interest for the P1, 000 cash loan payable within 5 months or an average monthly interest of 12.5%.

In the butang credit arrangement, all types of lenders generally collected more than the total credit to farmers although none of them collected 100% of the total amount due. Under the plete system, the lenders generally could not collect the total interest due during the period covered by the study.

Keywords: Credit arrangements. Informal credit. Rice farmers

Annals of Tropical Research 11(1-4):(1989)
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