Antonia Cecilia Y. Sandoval and Joachim Sauerborn
The study was conducted in 10 municipalities of Region VIII to look generally into the organizational and management set up of the tabo and its uses and effects on the participants and to come up with the baseline data on producers, middlemen and consumers involved in the tabo.
One hundred fifty respondents (50 producers, 50 middlemen and 50 consumers) were interviewed. Generally, the educational attainment of the tabo participants was low. The highest gross annual incomes earned from chief sources (farming and business) were P30, 000, P300, 000 and P50, 000 among producers, middlemen and consumers, respectively. Middlemen had the lowest average length of residence. Producers and consumers were members of organizations which were mostly agricultural in nature.
In addition to the usual way of disposing products in the tabo, farm products were likewise obtained by middlemen direct from the farmers’ farms a day before the scheduled market day or these are delivered by farmers producers to their homes or to designated places on or before tabo days.
A seemingly flexible structure in the tabo had been observed wherein participants were not assigned permanent area to occupy since the kind of commodity they sell greatly determined their place of assignment. However, other vendors displayed their goods in any place within the tabo vicinity.
Uncomfortable conditions such as lack of sheds to protect the tabo participants from the sun and rain during the selling and buying process was reported as the foremost problem encountered.
Husbands were usually the tabo initiator among producer- and middle-men-respondents. The interaction observed among tabo participants is at a relatively depersonalized and business-like level. Vegetables, root crops, cereals, fruits and tobacco were highly saleable. The big number of customers who flocked to the tabo motivated the producer and middleman vendors to utilize it.
The much lower prices is the tabo than in the public market enabled the consumer-respondents to accumulate some savings. Hence, the tabo had fulfilled some of the socio-economics needs of the individual.
Keywords: Tabo. Organizational structure. Management practices. Social participation. Utilization. Rural communities.
Annals of Tropical Research 11(1-4):(1989)