Mary Ann Jully B. Regis1 and Misael T. Diputado, Jr.2
Under waterlogged conditions, the non-grafted tomato plants has significantly lower survival rate (53%) compared to the grafted plants (100% survival rate). Under waterlogged conditions both the grafted and non-grafted plants had high leaf stomatal resistance, low transpiration rate and high stress rating, compared to those under non-waterlogged conditions. However, one week after resumption of aerobic soil conditions, both stomatal resistance and transpiration as well as stress rating returned to normal in grafted plants while the non-grafted plants continued to show high stomatal resistance, low transpiration rates and high stress rating. The norphological changes associated with stress in the plant regardless of treatments were cupping, drooping and eventual wilting of leaves. Due to severe stress under waterlogged conditions, the non-grafted plants had significantly lower yield which was just about 41% of that in grafted plants. The grafted, non-waterlogged plants had comparable yield with the non-grafted, non-waterlogged plants. Application of benzyladenine was not effective in alleviating waterlogging stress effects on both grafted and non-grafted tomato.
Keywords: grafted tomato, eggplant, waterlogging, benzyladenine, stomatal resistance, transpiration